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LaGG-3 Type 66

by Caz Dalton


LaGG-3 Type 66


 available online at Squadron.com



Designed and built by Lavochkin, Gorbunov, and Goudkov, thus the designation LaGG and despite its ill-fated nickname, transliterated as (Letayushchiy Absolyutno Garantirovanny Grob) and literally meaning "Flying Absolutely Guaranteed Coffin", the LaGG-3 series of aircraft, along with the MiG-1, led Soviet aviation into the modern era.

Hampered by Stalin's purges in the late 1930s, Soviet aviation design bureaus were stuck utilizing the technology of the 1930s with little change in the fighters or bombers of 1934 and those of 1939. The LaGG-3 opened up the road to modern fighter airframes. Though metal would have been preferred, the Soviet Union used the one element it was rich in, wood. It was skinned using a heavily pressed pine plywood called "Delta Wood". Legend has it that when Stalin was presented with a sample of the "Delta Wood", he laid it down and dumped his lit pipe ashes onto the wood sheet. After letting the ashes lie there a minute, he brushed them aside and the wood was not charred. He thus gave his directive to use the wood for sheeting aircraft. Thus, the heavily varnished wood sheet airframe received its nickname. A better nickname due to its highly laminated and varnished plywood sheeting was "Рояль", transliterated as "Royal", which means "Grand Piano".


Although the LaGG-3 was not superior to the Bf-109 and Fw-190, it gave a good account for itself until superior fighters such as the La-5 and MiG-3 made their way to the front. It was a tough fighter and easy to repair in the field, but suffered as much from lack of firepower as any other thing, having only one 20-mm cannon firing through the propeller shaft and one 12.7-mm machine gun in the port front fuselage.

When the Germans launched "BARBAROSSA" on June 22, 1941, there were only 322 LaGG-3 Type 1s to have left the four assembly lines. None of them engaged the Germans, as they were assigned to Fighter Aviation Regiments in the far Eastern Military Districts. It appeared soon in the summer of 1941 for the first time and baffled the Germans, as its existence had escaped German intelligence.

Many LaGG-3 pilots lost their lives in the first days of combat, as they were poorly trained and their leaders unable to lead large units. But, after the sting of combat, many skilled pilots went on to score impressive victories against their German foes. Many of the top Soviet aces in the Great Patriotic War
scored their first victories in LaGG-3s.

The model represents a LaGG-3 Type 66, the last liquid-cooled in-line engined fighters to be built by Lavochin. The Type 66 had a considerable weight reduction along with a number of aerodynamic refinements. The Type 66 was constructed only at GAZ-31, located in Tbilisi, the capital of the Georgian Republic. The last LaGG-3 Type 66s were delivered in September 1943 and when production stopped, 6,528 LaGG-3s of sixty-six different production batches had left the four State Aircraft Factories. In the last year 1,294 Type 35s and 66s left the assembly line at Tbilisi. The markings of the aircraft modeled are those of Yuri Shchipov, who went on to win the "Hero of the Soviet Union" in January 1944 and finished the war with 24 victories.



DakoPlast is a Russian modeling company and I have to say, this 1/72 scale kit beats the TOKO offering by a mile. They are hard to come by in North America, but should you find a DakoPlast kit, I can highly recommend them. I also have their Il-2M3, which is in my honest opinion the best 1/72 Il-2 on the market, especially when price is considered.


The cockpit sidewalls were molded in, very clean, and neatly done. The floor and seatback are two pieces, as is the seat and headrest/plate. The control stick is separate and has the correct handles, but rudder controls are merely molded onto the floor. They are still quite nice after painting and an ink scribing.


I painted the interior and instrument panel Light Ghost Gray. The panel was done with punched disks of white decal film followed by some 1/72 Reheat Models Instrument Decals. Radio boxes and such were painted flat black, glossed, and given some Reheat Models Vintage Control Placard Decals.
All framework was shadowed using a 0.005-in tip tech pin and India ink. The seat back was painted black and given a rubbing of skin oil. The headrest was painted Leather and likewise given a rubbing of skin oil.

The beautifully molded PV-1 gunsight was painted semi-gloss black, but I replaced the reflector with a piece of clear sheet styrene. It was sat aside in safe keeping until final assembly. The seat belts and harnesses are printed on InkJet paper, coated on both sides with Superfilm, and cut with an X-Acto #11 blade. They are applied with a little Elmer's glue like a decal, as the Superfilm keeps the ink from running and the paper from dissolving.

Exhausts and Gun

The exhausts are separate mold pieces and that's always a plus when masking. I drilled out the openings and painted the exhaust pieces flat black. I followed this with a hand brushing of Burnt Iron and a light wash of rust. The kit only has a barrel molded into the machine gun port. I carefully cut this away with the Dremel Mini-Mite and an engraving bit, and then replaced the barrel with a section of a 25-gauge hypodermic needle.


The radiator, which is largely unseen, was painted steel. I did a scaled down radiator in Photoshop and made a print on InkJet decal paper. After a coat of artist's fixative and a coating of Superfilm on the sheet, one each was applied to the front and rear of the radiator. The small vent doors for the radiator and oil cooler are separate also, nice touch, eh.


One can look at the finished model and tell I didn't have too many problems here. Oh, I could nitpick about the small step in the wing to fuselage join, but I'm not. The whole kit is much less a fit problem as the TOKO.



Canopy pieces are very thin and crystal clear. So thin in fact, that I had to get a second kit to replace the center sliding section I broke peeling masking from the first. Engravings are just right and there was no filler anywhere other than my normal insecurity and having to apply little CNA to all seams. The horizontal tails were even painted separate and installed in the final assembly. This also aids in masking.



Painting and Decals


After masking the canopy pieces with Bare-metal foil, I painted them Light Ghost Gray. The front canopy was attached to the model, but the rear section was left off; it was to be temporarily attached when painting the camouflage scheme. The radiator and all other openings were masked with damp paper towel (just damp enough to tamp down). The cockpit opening and rear window opening were masked with masking tape.

The model was primed in Polly Scale Light Blue (a German color meant to match RML 76, I do believe). A little sanding and fixing and the undersides were masked, after which the upper surfaces received a coat of Polly Scale Russian Topside Gray. After several email transactions with Russian friends, I was able to ascertain that the other color was a dark gray, similar to German RLM 74, not Black-Green, as many would be lead to believe. Thusly I ran off some enlargements of the instructions to scale and cut out masks for the surface to remain medium gray. After applying these I shot the remaining uppers Polly Scale RLM 74.


Masking was removed, excepting canopy and radiator, and then all surfaces received two coats of clear gloss. The kit decals were used for the markings and it's a good thing I bought the second kit, as the white is very translucent, so I had to double up here. The white tail unit markings are done with white decal trim film. I also substituted some Soviet star National Insignia from a Superscale sheet of such. After the decals had set, I gave them a sealant coat of clear gloss. I lastly applied some India ink to all control surface recesses and engine accesses. Exhausts stains are done with powdered black and medium gray pastels. Two finish coats of clear flat were applied and this was lightly rubbed down to sheen it a day later. Wing navigation lights, which are molded on the model, were painted Bright Silver, followed by Clear Red and Clear Green. Masking was removed from the canopy pieces and the glazings polished with Meguiar's Mirror Glaze #3 and given a coat of Future. The antenna wiring is done with smoke-colored invisible thread.

The figure is a Prieser Miniature German Luftwaffe figure in 1/72. I primed it in medium gray and hand painted it using a colored print I have of a Soviet pilot from one of the Osprey books. Shadowing and highlighting were done using ink and powdered pastels.


Model, Text and Images Copyright 2001 by Caz Dalton
Page Created 30 October, 2001
Last Updated 04 June, 2007

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